What are you talking about, Robots.Txt file is a hack that can make my website’s SEO win? Do you also fond of the headline and clicked this?
Don’t worry! I am not making you a fool.
In reality, it helps your SEO to boost up, later in this blog we will read about it.
What is a Robots.Txt file?
Assume that you have a Web Page on your website and you want that it should not come in Search Results, so what you will do?
Yes, now the concept of Robots.Txt arise which make sure that which Web Page should index and which should not.
According to Wikipedia:
The robot exclusion standard, also known as the robots exclusion protocol or simply robots.txt, is a standard used by websites to communicate with web crawlers and other web robots. The standard specifies how to inform the web robot about which areas of the website should not be processed or scanned.
How Robots.Txt file Works?
As we all know that every Search Engine Bot has two main functions:
First, they have to search all World Wide Web for the new content, and
The second is, to add that content in the Search Engine directory, so the work can be presented in front of someone it needed.
Now with help guide of Moz, let’s read about the work of Robots.Txt file:
To crawl sites, search engines follow links to get from one site to another — ultimately, crawling across many billions of links and websites. This crawling behavior is sometimes known as “spidering.”
After arriving at a website but before spidering it, the search crawler will look for a robots.txt file. If it finds one, the crawler will read that file first before continuing through the page. Because the robots.txt file contains information about how the search engine should crawl, the information found there will instruct further crawler action on this particular site. If the robots.txt file does not contain any directives that disallow a user-agent’s activity (or if the site doesn’t have a robots.txt file), it will proceed to crawl other information on the site.
Why do you need Robots.Txt?
As of now, we know that Robots.Txt file directs the Crawler and Search Engine Bot about the Web Page indexation. Besides it there are many other reasons because of us use Robots.Txt file:
- Robots.Txt file is used to prevent duplicate content to be indexed.
- Robots.Txt file is also used when we want to make a section of our website private.
- It can also be used when we don’t want to show a particular Webpage in Search Engine.
- Robots.Txt file is used when we want to show the location of sitemaps to Search Engine Bot.
- Specifying a crawl delay to prevent your servers from being overloaded when crawlers load multiple pieces of content at once.
Where Robots.Txt does go on the Website?
Whenever a Search Engine agent comes to your website by following links so it tries to look the Robots.Txt file in the main directory. It is considered that if you put your robots.txt file in subfolders or any subdirectory (example.com/index/robots.txt) then it will be considered as the “not found”.
So, ultimately the best practice to upload a Robotes.Txt file is in the root directory of your website. Like: https://www.infojerk.net/robots.txt
Technical Robots.Txt Syntax
Robot.Txt file includes much syntax those are so important while creating a Robots.Txt file, let’s read about them here:
User-agent: this is the specific webcrawler those you want to give instructions, for example, User-agent: *GoogleBot
Disallow: here you enter the WebPages you don’t want to index in particular Search Engine, for example: Disallow: /wp-admin/
Allow: here you enter the WebPage URL which you want to be indexed in Search Engine, for example: Allow: /blogs/robots.txt
Sitemap: this is the section where enter the URL of our sitemap, so the user-agent can easily index it.
Here we will discuss some scenarios and after taking a look into them you will automatically understand the way that how to create a Robots.Txt file?
Blocking all web crawlers from all content
Allowing all web crawlers access to all content
Blocking a specific web crawler from a specific folder
Blocking a specific web crawler from a specific web page
This was the last topic of this blog and I hope that now you have understood every aspect of a Robots.Txt but if you still have any issue then you should not have to worry and just comment me below!